A look at the history of the log flume ride

by Jake Goldberg

Many of us have an early childhood memory of our very first log flume ride, whether it was a ride through Splash Mountain at Disneyland, Knott’s Berry Farm’s Timber Mountain, or perhaps a local rendition at a nearby state amusement park. There is a sort of shared experience we all have of climbing those rickety conveyor belts, only to dive down a refreshing plummet into sweet, chlorine-filled water.

log flume
Photo courtesy of Knott’s Berry Farm

Interestingly enough, the history of these attractions doesn’t come from the minds of theme park engineers, but from the rustic frontier of America’s booming lumber industry.

During one of America’s most notable moments in history, the Gold Rush inspired thousands of pioneers to flock to California. However, the sheer demand for gold was outweighed by the vast amount of settlers competing for a slice of the action. Where some settlers found bountiful fortunes, others were left with nothing but the scraps. Thus, many had to take a cold hard look towards new industries to make a profit. A popular contender during these times was the lumber industry, which often relied on the lush ecosystem in the western mountains.

Due to the rough and steep terrain, it was nearly impossible for lumber workers to transport large amounts of wood back and forth. Even the brawliest of the lumberjacks would have a difficult time making constant treks to deliver said timber on a daily basis. This need for innovation inspired America’s first log flume system. Developed in the late 1800s, lumberjacks created a complex system of wooden flumes that used a steady flowing stream of water to deliver the wood to the proper sawmill.

In fact, many of these workers would hop into a log themselves and give the flumes a proper ride-through. They stated this was to provide constant inspections on their progress, however, it is rumored that there was a minor thrill element involved in this as well. Thus the seeds for this timeless American attraction were planted.

As technology continued to advance, the need for these flume systems quickly diminished. However, many took note of the log’s slow-moving trail throughout the mountain ranges and saw there was potential to “re-invent the wheel,” so to speak — specifically, the engineering company Arrow Development, a company dedicated to developing amusement park attractions.

The company pitched a log-flume attraction to different vendors, but the ride system wouldn’t see the light of day until 1963. It was then that Six Flags Over Texas debuted the first-ever log-flume attraction, El Aserradero, which is still in operation today. When this ride debuted, it was greeted with an overwhelming response of praise and excitement. In fact, guests were so gun-ho on these types of attractions that Six Flags was forced to build a second flume ride in order to keep up with the demand.

log flume
Photo courtesy of Knott’s Berry Farm

Heads were beginning to turn towards the direction of these water-filled rides, and one famous company, in particular, was ready to break ground on their own rendition. Walter Knott saw the potential to incorporate the frontier-styled attraction in his already pioneer-themed amusement park. This was the third time that Arrow Development approached Knott in regards to building a log-flume system in his park, but he turned them down until he saw the massive demand. Knott didn’t want to do any carbon copy of what was already accomplished. Instead, he wanted his log-flume ride to be a step above Six Flags in regards to immersive entertainment.

john wayne
Photo courtesy of Knott’s Berry Farm

Arrow Development built a scale model of their proposed attraction for Knott and went over every scene and minute detail the ride would include. The attraction took roughly a year to construct and made its debut in 1969 at Knott’s Berry Farm. The Timber Mountain Log Ride had a massive opening and featured John Wayne alongside his son Ethan as the first to take a trek down the 42-foot drop.

log flume

Timber Mountain Log Ride was dedicated to immersing the guests into turn-of-the-century America, offering scenic views of mountainside animals and timber company machinery to truly encompass guests into this era of time. The ride later closed for refurbishment in 2013 to incorporate more modern technology and animatronic characters. John Wayne’s son, Ethan, even attended the grand reopening to pay tribute to the ride’s history.

splash mountain

While Six Flags helped develop the bare bones of the popular attraction, it was Knott and his team that envisioned the rustic, frontier mountainside exterior that so many theme parks take inspiration from to this day, including Disney’s Splash Mountain.

Do you have a favorite log flume ride? Are there any other ride systems you’d like to learn more about? Let us know in the comments down below.


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Dan Viets March 30, 2020 - 7:16 pm

Such rides go back much further than Knott’s.
For instance, they were part of the great Electric Park which
Walt Disney visited when he was a kid in Kansas City, Missouri,
from about 1911 to 1923.
I have post cards of it.

LouiB March 30, 2020 - 8:43 pm

Was hoping for some more history to be included. I remember the 1st log ride I saw pictures of was the one at the New York World’s fair in 1964, Never got to go and had to wait until 1969 when the one at Knott’s opened to ride one. Just curious if anyone know anything about the one at the New York World’s fair and could comment on it.

JG Ulmer March 31, 2020 - 12:07 pm

Flume on! Knott’s is tops, Disney a close second. Also recommend the flume at Magic Springs in Arkansas. Many good flumes old and newer in USA, one of the best items at any park. Anyone remember the fun flume at Expo 67 in Montreal AKA Man And His World? #MindTheWetGap

Justin An March 31, 2020 - 12:10 pm

Trips drill has a great log flume. Also Movie Park Germany’s as well

Barb March 31, 2020 - 7:44 pm

That’s cool! Does anyone remember the log flume at the Seaside Heights boardwalk in New Jersey? That was pretty much my 1st thrill ride as a child. It was so awesome. You had to buy tickets to ride this ride separate from all of the other attractions and I remember they had some kind of a deal where you could ride twice and it was a little cheaper this is what everyone did! I was sad that it closed some years ago.

Ami/Marie March 31, 2020 - 11:22 pm

I like how the ride used to be to manufacture gold with the payment of gold and trees really high trees and the in/coming attraction by Walt himself. Beuean Park. N/A/S Really high trees though

Mike April 1, 2020 - 8:50 am

The Gold Rush at Geauga Lake in Ohio was my first thrill ride as a kid; in high school I actually got to be a ride operator for it. The pedal mechanism killed my shoes, but I loved working this classic ride.

Louise Herrick April 2, 2020 - 4:35 am

My first log flume was at my first theme park visit in 1987 when I was 15. It was at The American Adventure in Derbyshire, England. It was a Wild West themed park & I’d never been to anywhere as awesome. Sadly, it has closed down now but I will always remember it fondly.


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